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Sciatica

Sciatica

Sciatic pain occurs when the root of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine becomes irritated.

Most commonly, it is caused by a herniated (bulging) disc in the lower back that irritates the nerve root. The discs in our spine are there to provide space between the bones of our vertebrae. These discs consist of the nucleus pulposus and the annulus fibrosis. The annulus fibrosus is the tough but malleable outer casing of a disc. It prevents the nucleus pulposus from herniating (bulging) or leaking. Chondrocytes are cells that produce collagen and proteoglycan in order to maintain the structural integrity of annulus fibrosus.

The nucleus pulposus is a gel-like substance found inside the annulus fibrosis. It is the shock absorber of the intervertebral system and consists mainly of hyaluronic acid and proteoglycan protein.

A herniated disk, sometimes called a slipped disk or a ruptured disk, occurs when some of the nucleus pulposus pushes out through a tear in the annulus fibrosus. This can end up irritating nearby nerves resulting in leg pain, a burning or tingling sensation, numbness, or weakness that begins in the lower back and travels from the buttock down the back of each leg. In most cases, sciatica abates within four to six weeks; however, in some cases the pain persists or recurs.

 

How Our Products Can Treat Sciatica

The aim of therapy would be to increase hydration and disc height so that pressure is taken off the sciatic nerve. The inflammation of the nerve root will need to be controlled as well. The hope is that this would then restore function as well as reduce pain. 

We use products derived from human baby umbilical cord tissues in all our therapy programs - Wharton's Jelly MSCs (wjMSCs). Our products are special because they can:

  • prevent further deterioration of the nucleus pulposus [1,15,16].
  • encourage accumulation of hyaluronic acid and proteoglycan [1,2,5].
  • inhibit formation of fibrosis in the nucleus pulposus [3].
  • alleviate pain and discomfort [4,5,12,13].
  • retain water in nucleus pulposus [4,5,15].
  • differentiate into chondrocyte-like cells [6].
  • differentiate into nucleus pulposus-like cells [2,7,8,9].
  • modulate the immune system [7,10,11].
  • reduce inflammation [7,10,11].

 

Treating Sciatica

A 2006 study by researchers at Tokai University School of Medicine, Japan, noted a 91% increase in disc height as well as an 81% increase in MRI signal intensity after transplantation of bone marrow MSCs (bMSCs) in rabbit models over a six-month period. The study concluded that MSCs were able to successfully regenerate intervertebral discs [1].

The first human trial using MSCs was conducted in 2011 by Centro Médico Teknon, Spain. They explored the efficacy of bmMSCs in treating lumbar disc degeneration. In as little as three months, all participants reported an 85% decrease in pain and disability. While the trial noted that disc height did not increase, it found that water content in the nucleus pulposus had significantly increased in a year [4]

In 2014, the General Hospital of Armed Police Force in China transplanted wjMSCs into two patients with chronic discogenic lower back pain. Both patients reported an immediate improvement in pain and functionality. Their Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) remained decreased two years post-therapy [12].

That same year, Mesoblast Limited, an Australian-based regenerative medicine company, transplanted precursor cells (MPCs) into 100 patients. Phase I of this clinical trial began in 2014 and monitored patients over a two-year period. At the end of 12 months, patients reported that a single injection into degenerating discs reduced lower back pain and improved function for the entire duration. They also reported lesser use of opioids for pain relief, greater disc stability and required less surgical and non-surgical intervention. A Phase II clinical trial, involving 100 patients, is ongoing and will end in 2019 [13].

A collaborative pilot study in 2015 by the Rocky Mountain Associates in Orthopedic Medicine and the Orthopedic Cell Medicine Institute injected bmMSCs directly into degenerated discs of 26 patients. At the end of 12 months, their average Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) reduced from 56.5 to 25.0 while the average Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score reduced from 79.3 to 33.2 [14].

Later that year, the CHA University in South Korea found that treatment using human wjMSCs in rabbit models of intervertebral disc degeneration significantly restored disc water content after just 12 weeks. Researchers transplanted wjMSCs directly into the affected disc and found that repair and restoration was exacted via cell signaling (paracrine) mechanisms [15]

Navy General Hospital, China established that wjMSCs were able to significantly ameliorate and halt progression of disc height reduction in canine models of intervertebral disc degeneration. Apart from that, they observed that wjMSCs also promoted disc matrix formation of aggrecan and type II collagen, protein critical in providing discs with structure and support [16].  

 

Cyrona’s Program

Achieving high standards in our work is of paramount importance to us. Depending on a patient’s needs, we combine our premium grade Passage 2 wjMSCs with physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy and/or rehabilitative medicine. 

Learn more about our Products and Programs.

 

Why Choose Cyrona?

  • Latest cellular research and technology.
  • Unique, tailored therapy outlines.
  • Products that meet international standards.
  • Microbiology & clinical team with extensive experience in advanced medicine.
  • Board-certified physicians geared towards patient safety.
  • Fact-based information from clinical studies and trials.
  • No outlandish promises of a one-stop-cure or false improvement rates.

 

Therapy Packages

All our therapy packages come inclusive of:

 

INTERNATIONAL PATIENTS

  • Premium grade Passage 2 wjMSCs.
  • Treatment by qualified specialist(s).
  • Certificate of Analysis (CoA).
  • Airport transfer.
  • Transportation to & from therapy session(s).
  • Accommodation.
  • Hospital room for therapy.

 

LOCAL PATIENTS

  • Premium grade Passage 2 wjMSCs.
  • Treatment by qualified specialist(s).
  • Certificate of Analysis (CoA).
  • Transportation to & from therapy session(s).
  • Hospital room for therapy.

 

How Do We Proceed

All our therapies are charged based on the number of wjMSCs and supplementary infusions required for the patient’s specific condition. As no two people are alike, our specialists review each patient’s medical reports before tailoring a therapy catered to addressing his or her individual needs.

You may chat with one of our Customer Care Representatives or send an e-mail detailing the patient’s condition to one of our Liaison Officers. It would expedite the process if you can provide us with:

  • Imaging results (MRI scan / CT scan / X-Ray).
  • Hematology reports (blood test).
  • Doctor’s assessment reports.
  • Pictures or videos of the patient (if relevant).

Upon getting in touch with us, a Liaison Officer evaluates and assigns the case to the specialist best equipped to treat the condition. A therapy, unique only to the patient, is drawn up and a price quoted accordingly.

Should you decide to proceed with therapy, our specialists require that all patients have Cancer Marker Screening performed in their country of residence before travelling to us for therapy. If the patient has had Cancer Marker Screening within the last 3 months, you may e-mail those results to us. In the event that the patient’s Cancer Marker Screening results are not satisfactory, our specialists will refuse to proceed with therapy. It is for this reason that we requests that patients have Cancer Marker Screening performed in their country of residence prior to travelling to us.

One week prior to arrival, a deposit payment is required in order to arrange accommodation and transportation.

Full payment is required to be made one-day prior to therapy commencement.

Post-treatment, our specialist will provide the patient with a post-treatment protocol as well as what to expect on his or her journey towards a better, and hopefully, healthier new life.

 

Kindly get in touch with us for the sources listed throughout this article.

 

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